La Biennale di Venezia – People meet in Architecture

Biennale  Architettura 2010 – 12th International Architecture Exhibition – Venice

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– La Biennale di Venezia

– Kazuyo Sejima – director

– Hans Ulrich Obrist – NOW interviews

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“The only thing that could beat this city of water would be a city built in the air. That was a Calvinoesque idea, and who knows, as an upshot of space travel, that may yet come to pass” –  ‘Watermark’ by Joseph Brodsky



Giardini – Pavilion of the Nordic Countries by Sverre Fehn – best meeting place concerning architecture + light

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Czech Republic and Slovak Republic  –  Natural Architecture

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Back to Future

Rungwa  –  about a hundred years ago

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Approach to the pavilion

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Project  –  timber structures  –  Martin Rajniš, Jana Tichá, Irene Fialová, Zlatý Řez

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Republic of Korea  –  re-place-ing: documentary of changing metropolis Seoul

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Traditional architecture  –  model of court-yard house

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Romania  –  1 : 1

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“… ninety-four square meters per person is the population density level in Bucharest, … The interior of the architectural object, an individual space has the ninety-four square meter surface. The space receives daylight through a circular opening in the ceiling which, together with the three perforations, acts as reference for the person inside …”

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Ninety-four square meters

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Canada  –  Hylozoic Ground

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“… The project’s title refers to “hylozoism”, the ancient belief that all matter has life … The Hylozoic Ground can be described as a suspended geotextile that gradually accumulates hybrid soil from ingredients drawn from its surroundings. Akin to the functions of a living system, embedded machine intelligence allows human interaction to trigger breathing, caressing, and swalloing motions as well as hybrid metabolic exchanges. These empathic motions ripple out from hives of kinetic valves and pores in peristaltic waves, creating a diffuse pumping that pulls air, moisture, and stray organic matter through the filtering Hylozoic membranes.”Living” chemical exchanges are conceived as the first stages of self-renewing functions that might take root within this architecture …”

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PBAI  –  Gorbet Lab  –  AVATAR / FLinT Laboratory  –  M+B studio

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“Hylozoic Ground transforms the Canadian Pavilion with an immersive, interactive environment made of tens of thousands of lightweight, digitally-fabricated components fitted with meshed microprocessors and sensors. The glass-like fragility of this artificial forest is built of an intricate lattice of small, transparent, acrylic, meshwork links, covered with a network of interactive, mechanical fronds, filters and whiskers. The environment is similar to a coral reef, following cycles of opening, clamping, filtering, and digesting. Arrays of touch sensors shape-memory alloy actuators create waves of diffuse breathing motion, luring visitors into the shimmering depths of a forest of light…”

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Walk from the Giardini to the Arsenale

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“… It is as though space, cognizant here more than any place else of its inferiority to time, answers it with the only property time doesn’t possess:with beauty. And that’s why water takes this answer, twists it, wallops and shreds it, but ultimately carries it by and large intact off into the Adriatic …”   ‘Watermark’ by Joseph Brodsky

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Robert Maillard, Eladio Dieste and Christian Kerez : A flash comparison in pictures:

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Robert Maillard – Cement Hall 1938 for the Swiss Exhibition 1939

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Eladio Dieste‘s efficient, economic and elegant reinforced brick masonry vaults- and reinforced concrete columns- structures for the ‘Agroindustria Massaro’, Canelones

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Christian Kerez‘s Gaussian “bell curves” – reinforced concrete structures for the Museum of Modern Art, Warsaw

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Toyo Ito & Associates, Architects  – Taichung Metropolitan Opera House

TOTO GALLERY – The Making of the Taichung Metropolitan Opera House 2005 – 2014

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Glimpses on the design process  –  a three and a half years struggle

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Smoothed mesh.

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“… The concept of the ’emerging grid’ is a structural system that constitutes the project’s entirety. It is a horizontally and vertically continuous network of tubes, originally proposed for the concert hall competition held in Gent, Belgium, in 2004. We presented this system once again at the competition for Taichung Opera House, and we were able to develop and lead it towards realization …”.

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Opera:  galeries – auditorium – proscenium and stage

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“… The ’emerging grid’ is not only a structural network but also enables flexible plans that correspond to various conditions related to the (area) programs…”.

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“… The system creates a rich interior space resembling a continuum of caves…”.

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Conference areas

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“… Extending this network pattern further unto the park outside, a unified harmony is obtained between the opera house and the surrounding environment such as walkways, water, and green network …..”.

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Bijoy Jain Mumbai Architects – Work-Place

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Modell of Atrium-House

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“Founded by Bijoy Jain, Studio Mumbai is a human infrastructure of skilled craftsmen and architects who design and build the work directly. Gathered through time, this group shares an environment created from an iterative process, where ideas are explored through the production of large scale mock-ups, models, material studies, sketches and drawings. Here projects are developed through careful consideration of place and a practice that draws from …”

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Collection of building-types

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Building-elements

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Window (door) shutters

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Transsolar & Tetsuo Kondo Architects  –  Cloudscapes

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“… But once is enough, especially in winter, when the local fog, the fanous nebbia, renders this place more extemporal than any palace’s inner sanctum, by oblitering not only reflections but everything that has a shape: buildings, people, collonades, bridges, statues. Boat services are canceled, airplane neither arrive nor take off for weeks, stores are closed, and mail ceases to litter one’s threshold. The effect is as though some raw hand had turned all those enfilades inside out and wrapped the lining around the city. Left, right, up, and down swap places, and you can find your way around only if you are a native or given a cicerone. The fog is thick, blinding, immobile … In short, a time for self-oblivion, induced by a city that has ceased to be seen. Unwittingly, you take your cue from it, especially if, like it, you’ve got no company. Having failed to be born here, you at least can take some pride in sharing its invisibility…”. ‘Watermark’  by Joseph Brodsky

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“… Water unsettles the principle of horizontality, especially at night, when its surface resembles pavement. No matter how solid its substitute – the deck – under your feet, on water you are somewhat more alert than ashore, your faculties are more poised. On water, for instance, you never get absentminded the way you do in the street: your legs keep you and your wits in constant check, as if you were some kind of compass…”. ‘Watermark’ by Joseph Brodsky


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